All you Need to Know about Water Softening System

A filtration system is used in households to reduce or nearly remove the minerals like calcium and magnesium that cause hardness through the process of ion exchange. Hard water has been the most prevailing water problem and this problem is solved by water softeners. Hard water scales clog your pipes because of accumulation in the pipes which also reduces the water pressure. The scale of hard water has been the leading cause of shortening the useful life of appliances such as dishwashers, ice machines, and coffee makers. Hard water destroys hot water equipment.

The solidification of magnesium and calcium is affected by the higher temperature of water in the hot water heater. Your water may seem to be popping popcorn if you are living in an area with a hard water supply. The main reason for such an effect is the scale that sticks to the heating element of the water heater. The crusted rock deposits on the heating elements and begins to break down and also stretch whenever the temperature rises and the tank expands. The production of the popcorn sound is because of the hard water-induced scale.

Why is water softening necessary?

Without a water softener, laundry requires extra detergent so it doesn’t look dirty. Dishes will come out streaky and stained from your dishwasher. Filmy settles on your shower curtains and your soap and shampoo won’t lather. Bathing with hard water makes your skin itchy and dry and your hair becomes lifeless and sticky. A lot of effort, time, and energy is required to reduce the harmful effects of hard water which can make you dizzy because of the extensive procedure. A whole-house water softener is a solution to the water hardness woes.

What are the components of a water softening system?

To remove the hard water effects and keep the water system clean and water in it flowing the three basic components of the water softening system work in the alliance.

  1. Mineral Tank:

The tank’s chamber where hard water is turned to soft water mainly is called a mineral tank. The tank is filled through the water supply line with hard water. Water seeps or flows through the resin beads and leaves the accumulated calcium and magnesium ions of hard water by depositing them on beads. The water softens out of the tank and flows through your pipes to your home appliances.

  • Control Valve:

The control valve measures the amount of water passing from the mineral tank to your home. The amount of water that flows in the mineral track at the entrance is measured by the valve’s meter. The hardness ions are exchanged with sodium ions through beads when the hard water is flowing through the mineral tank. Over time, this reduces the ability of the resin to effectively soften water. The control valve automatically initiates a regeneration cycle before the pearl becomes too burdened with mineral content to continue to remove calcium and magnesium ions.

  • Brine Tank:

In regeneration, the water softening system is assisted by the brine tank. Adjacent to the mineral tank is another tank which is called the brine tank. The positive charge of the resin beads is restored through the highly concentrated salt solution, which may also be potassium at times, that is found in the brine tank. Salt is added manually in the form or shape of blocks or pellets to the brine tank.


Soft water is safe to drink. During the ion exchange process, the resin beads release sodium into the water by holding on to the hardness minerals.  

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